Korean Journal of Child Care and Education Policy
[2023, 17-3] The Relation Between Early Adolescents’ Academic Stress and Self-Identity: The Moderating Effect of Parental Attachment
The Relation Between Early Adolescents’ Academic Stress and Self-Identity: The Moderating Effect of Parental Attachment
Yea-Ji Hong, Hye-Ryung An
This study aimed to investigate the relation between early adolescents’ academic stress, parental attachment, and self-identity using data from the 12th wave involving 1,248 households in the Panel Study on Korean Children. Preliminary analyses were conducted using descriptive statistics and correlation analyses. Moreover, the moderating effects of maternal and paternal attachment on the relation between early adolescents’academic stress and self-identity were examined using the SPSS Process macro, and considered early adolescents’ sex and household monthly income as covariates. The results are summarized as follows: First, early adolescents’ self-identity was significantly associated with academic stress and the subscales of maternal and paternal attachment. Second, among the subscales of paternal attachment, trust significantly moderated the effect of early adolescents’academic stress on their self-identity, whereas communication and alienation did not. Third, all subscales of maternal attachment, communication, alienation, and trust showed significantly moderated effects between early adolescents’academic stress and their self-identity. Based on these findings, implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Keywords: academic stress, self-identity, maternal attachment, paternal attachment, early adolescence